Interesting thoughts to ponder:

1930: �The two per cent speech�: During a speech Albert Einstein observed that if only 2% of the male population of the world refused to fight, future wars would be prevented: there wouldn�t be enough prisons for so many conscientious objectors, and so large a public opposition to war would deter any government from embarking on one.

1936: Bertrand Russell�s �Which Way to Peace?� was published. Disenchanted with the League of Nations as a provider of peace through �collective security�, Russell argued for unilateral disarmament. Even if this meant enemy occupation, that would be �infinitely less terrible than the consequences of a war, even if it ended in complete victory�.